Anthropology as a department in Cotton University (erstwhile Cotton College) was established for the first time in Northeast India on the 15th December 1947 under the initiative of the Late Gopinath Bordoloi. Late Prof. Mohendra Nath Saloi was the founder Head of the department. Many renowned anthropologists like Prof. B.M. Das, Prof. Sashidhar Goswami, Prof. Hari Prasad Mishra, etc served the department in different capacities. The Department is engaged in running Higher Secondary, Undergraduate, Post-Graduate & Ph.D. courses in Anthropology. The Department is involved in various research activities both at the individual and departmental level since its inception. It also houses the Anthropological Museum.